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Multinomial coefficient

Writing functions:

multinom(n, a, b, c,...,m)


In combinatorial meaning multinomial coefficients equal to the number of ordered partitions of n-element set is m subsets facilities a, b, c,...,m.

Page on Wikipedia

The multinomial coefficient is a mathematical function used in combinatorics to determine the number of ways to divide a set of elements into disordered parts. This coefficient is widely used in various fields such as probability theory, combinatorics and statistics.

The multinomial coefficient, denoted as C(n; k1, k2, ..., km), where n is the total number of elements, and k1, k2, ..., km is the number of elements in each part when partitioned, can be calculated using factorials.

The formula for calculating the multinomial coefficient has the form:

C(n; k1, k2, ..., km) = n! / (k1! * k2! * ... * km!)

where k1 + k2 + ... + km = n.

The use of the multinomial coefficient includes solving problems of separation, distribution and placement of objects. For example, imagine a situation where there are n different items and you need to divide them into m groups. The multinomial coefficient allows you to determine the number of ways to perform this division.

In addition, multinomial coefficients are used in probability theory to determine the number of favorable outcomes in experiments with several categories. They are also used in statistics to analyze multiple variables when performing multiple linear regression.

Multinomial coefficients can be calculated using tabular values or using special functions in software packages for mathematical calculations such as MATLAB or Python.

In conclusion, the multinomial coefficient is an important mathematical tool that is widely used in combinatorics, probability theory and statistics. Its use makes it possible to solve the problems of dividing and distributing a set of elements into disordered parts, as well as to analyze multiple variables.